Vocational education prepares learners for jobs that are based on manual or practical activities, traditionally non-academic, and totally related to a specific trade, occupation, or vocation. It is sometimes referred to as technical education as the learner directly develops expertise in a particular group of techniques or technology. Vocational education does not necessarily take place within the workplace or comprise of ‘on-the-job’ training.
As the labour market becomes more specialised and economies demand higher levels of skill, governments and businesses are increasingly investing in the future of vocational education.
Vocational education has diversified considerably over recent years and now exists in industries such as retail, tourism, information technology, as well as in the traditional crafts.